BA, PhD, University of California-Berkeley. Special interests include economics of gender, race, and class; feminist economics; political economics of the environment; the history of economic thought; and macroeconomics. Author of articles in Feminist Studies, Review of Radical Political Economics, Industrial Relations, Feminist Economics, and others. Co-author of Living Wages, Equal Wages: Gender and Labor Market Policies in the United States (Routledge, 2002). SLC, 1990–
Current undergraduate courses
Macroeconomics studies the dynamics of an economy as a whole, looking at the forces that lead to economic growth or recession, the overall distribution of income, and the causes of unemployment and inflation. Different schools of economic thought offer varying and often contradictory explanations of these dynamic trends. Public policy debates play a central role in this discussion, as the different macroeconomic models have implications for the roles of fiscal and monetary policy, the desirable level of governmental intervention into and regulation of the private economy, and even what constitutes a good macroeconomic outcome. In this course, we will build and examine the competing macro models beginning with Keynes and moving up to the present theoretical debates—including the monetarist, new classical, neo-Keynesian, post-Keynesian, and political economic schools of thought—with attention to their differing policy implications. We will then focus on the 2008 financial crisis and its aftermath as a case study, examining the debates about its causes and appropriate policy responses.
John Maynard Keynes wrote, “The ideas of economists and political philosophers, both when they are right and when they are wrong, are more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed the world is ruled by little else. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influences, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist. Madmen in authority, who hear voices in the air, are distilling their frenzy from some academic scribbler of a few years back.” Since capitalism emerged as the dominant economic system in Europe and North America in the 18th century, theorists and policymakers have sought to understand the logic of this new way of organizing production and distribution. What determined the price of goods? The wages of labor? The profits to owners of capital? Would capitalism grow unceasingly, suffer from cycles, or inevitably decline into stagnation or collapse? Should the government actively regulate the economy, or should it play a minimal role and leave markets to determine outcomes without intervention? Should trade with other countries be regulated or free? What was the responsibility of the government with respect to the poor? Should they be assisted? Controlled? In the vigorous debates over these issues, continuing into the present, Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes are frequently invoked as economic policy. A careful reading of these authors, however, shows that they were far more complex thinkers than the simplified versions of their ideas commonly circulated. This course will focus on the debates about value, distribution, economic dynamics, and the role of government through a careful reading of Smith, Marx, and Keynes in the original, followed by an examination of modern interpretations of their ideas.
As industrial capitalism emerged as the dominant economic system in Europe and North America in the 18th century, theorists sought to understand the logic of this new way of organizing production and distribution. What determined the price of goods? The wages of labor? The profits to owners of capital? They theorized about the dynamics of the system. What caused the economy to grow? Would it grow unceasingly? Cyclically? Or would capitalism inevitably decline into stagnation or collapse at some point? Theorists were also concerned with the role of government policy in this new capitalist system. Should the government actively regulate the economy, or should it play a minimal role and leave markets to determine outcomes without intervention? Should trade with other countries be regulated or free? What was the responsibility of the government with respect to the poor? Should they be assisted? Controlled? These questions were vigorously debated by political economists from the onset of capitalism and, to this day, continue to be the focus of disagreements among economists and political economists. This course will examine the development of economic theory through a focus on these debates about value, distribution, economic dynamics, and the role of government. The emphasis will be on reading authors in the original, including Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Karl Marx, Alfred Marshall, John Maynard Keynes, Joan Robinson, and Milton Friedman.
Is it possible to provide economic well-being to the world’s population without destroying the natural environment? Is sustainable development a possibility or a utopian dream? How do we determine how much pollution we are willing to live with? Why are toxic waste dumps overwhelmingly located in poor, frequently minority, communities? Whether through activities such as farming, mining, and fishing, or through manufacturing processes that discharge wastes, or through the construction of communities and roadways, human economic activity profoundly affects the environment. The growing and contentious field of environmental economics attempts to analyze the environmental impact of economic activity and to propose policies aimed at balancing economic and environmental concerns. There is considerable debate, with some theorists putting great faith in the market’s ability to achieve good environmental outcomes; others advocate much more direct intervention in defense of the environment; and some question the desirability of economic growth as a goal. Underlying these differences are political economic questions of distribution of power and resources among classes and groups within the United States and across the globe. This course will explore the range of views, with an emphasis on understanding the assumptions underlying their disagreements and on the policy implications of those views. The concepts will be developed through an examination of ongoing policy debates on issues such as air pollution and global warming, the decimation of the world’s fish population, automobiles and the reliance on petrochemicals, and the possibility of sustainable development.
The seventh of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals reads: “Ensure environmental sustainability.” Indeed, on the surface, sustainable development is a goal about which everyone could agree. Who would be for unsustainable development? In fact, there is no consensus on the meaning of the term. Some definitions emphasize the importance of preserving natural capital for future generations, while others aggregate all forms of capital together—arguing that our only obligation to the future is access to an equivalent standard of living. A related dispute is over the relationship between environmental sustainability and human well-being, as well as how the relationship may differ by gender, class, and other factors. This course will examine these differing views of sustainable development, both in theory and through the examination of specific development projects. Economists approach environmental questions through three differing theoretical schools: environmental economics, ecological economics, and political economics. These schools use differing techniques to value the environment, offer different understandings of what would be good environmental and economic outcomes, and advocate different policies to achieve sustainability. Underlying these differences are political economic questions of the distribution of power and resources, both globally and within specific countries. This course will explore the range of views, with an emphasis on understanding the assumptions underlying their disagreements and on the policy implications of these views. Topics will include the policies of the World Bank, sustainable agriculture, the controversial issue of resource privatization, and cases of specific commodities such as gold and cotton that illuminate the problems and complexities of sustainable development.